More than 196,000 people live in the canton of Grisons. Of these, around 35,500 are foreign nationals. At 7,106 km2, Grisons is the largest canton in Switzerland, covering 1/6 of Switzerland’s total area. Around 35,000 people live in the canton’s main city Chur, one of the oldest settlements in Switzerland (as of December 2015).
The canton is divided into 11 regions and 114 municipalities. Around 65% of the municipalities have fewer than 1,000 inhabitants (as of January 2016).
There are three official languages in the canton of Grisons:
German, Romansh and Italian.
For most inhabitants of the canton, German is the native language, i.e. they write High German and speak Swiss German.
In the Engadin, in the Münster Valley, in Central Grisons and in the Surselva, Romansh is the standard language. Romansh is not only a language; it is also a family of 5 idioms: Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Puter and Vallader.
Italian is spoken in the four valleys Puschlav, Bergell, Misox and Calanca.